The statistics that does not comfort:
Melanoma, or black cancer, is one of the most malignant and quickly spreading tumors.
- After the melanoma has been diagnosed, 95 of 100 our citizens die in 5 years period.
corresponding statistics in USA shows 5 persons of 100 only.
- Each 20th living today is threatened by skin cancer
- Each 500th living today is under risk to get the melanoma
The high mortality in Ukraine is a result of tardy diagnosing rather than of treatment methods. Our patients do not really know what is of primary concern in their health condition; they have many prejudices and false beliefs about diseases; and they avoid to come to doctor because of their fear to learn a bad news. As a result, a tarded treatment turns to be useless.
- Examine your and your children’ skin, at least monthly, to detect every new or changing nevus.
- Any changes being discovered, do not delay your visit to doctor.
- Timely diagnosis and timely treatment are the only means capable to guarantee your health and long life.
To notice the very beginning of a malignant degeneration of a nevus is sometime difficult even for an experienced dermatologist.
To confirm the diagnosis, a biopsy (excision) and a histological examination are necessary. Digital epiluminescent dermatoscopy (MoleMax method) is the newest of recent achievements in dermatology; it is very helpful in identification of degenerating nevi. Using the modern technology, dermatologists see not only the skin surface in details but also possible alterations in its deep layers.
This allows exploring the nevus in its depth without traumatizing it. After an analysis of data received in the process of computer-added diagnostics, the doctor makes a conclusion on the degree of the nevus degeneration risk and gives her recommendations related to a further strategy of medical observation or removal (if needed) of the skin formation under test.
The MoleMax is the most reliable up-to-date method for early diagnostics of degenerative nevi and melanomas, as well as for differentiation between benign and malignant tumours of skin.
Methods of treatment
- laser removal
- radiosurgical removal
- surgical excision
A histological study is necessary, whatever treatment method is used.
How can you recognize a degenerating mole?
To identify a degenerating nevus you have to remember FIVE SIGNS of melanoma:
- Asymmetry – when any axe drawn across the nevus does not divide it in two identical parts.
- Borders – when they are uneven or ragged rather than clear and regular.
- Color hue – any impregnations, granules or threads, especially grey, black or pink colored, are to attract your attention.
- Dimensions – the bigger is the nevus in size, the higher is the risk of its degeneration, although the small size (1 to 2 mm) does not exclude at all a tumor development.
- Dynamics, or any changes in your habitual skin view – increasing size or thickness, color changes, bleeding, or surface crusts – must draw your attention.
- Hairs of red or reddish color; freckles
- Melanoma at one of your family members
- Three or more sunburns in your childhood
- Four or more nevi exceeding 6 mm in size